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VOL. LI FEBRUARY, 19^1^ ^^^^ ^ -. . NO^. 

Lift and Light 
fi)r Woman 

The Exodus from Adabazar 

Mary E. Kinney 

Then and Now in Aruppukottai 

C. E. Qyickenden 

A Memorable Day at White Plains 

Con^i^egational OOoYnoiiLS Boards 
oF Wissions 


Entered at the Post Office at Boston, Mass., as Second-class Matter 


The Ejcodus from Adabazar .... 41 

Editorials 44 

Financial Statement 45 

A Memorable Day at White Plains, New 

York 46 

In the Zenanas of India .... 48 
II. New Women Being Reached at 
Sholapur. By Mrs. L. H. Gates . . 50 
Then and Now at Aruppukottai, India. 

By C. E. Quickenden 53 

News from Aintab via the Lebanon. By 

Mrs. Lorin Shepard SS 

New Duties and Openings at Uduvil, Cey- 
lon. By Lulu G. Bookwalter ... 56 


Editorials 59 

The Multitude at Our Doors. By Mrs. 
Chauncey Goodrich 60 

Quotable Sayings from Great Missionary 
Leaders 63 


Dr. and Mrs. Beals of Wai write of Tour 
Among the Villages 64 

Miss Ethel Beeman writes from Guada- 
lajara 65 

Miss Louise Clarke of Aintab writes from 
Constantinople 67 

A Letter from Miss Fannie Griswold of 
Maebashi, Japan 68 

A Lenten Message from Our President . 70 

Lest We Forget. By William T. Demareit 72 

Our Book Shelf 74 


The Cradle Roll and Missions ... 77 
Summary of Receipts 80 

Wiomm'i Poarb of iilisiseionsi 

603 ConKresatlonal Hodm, Boston, Uass. 

Mrs. FRANKLIN WARNER, White Plains, N. Y. 
TIce Presidenta 

Mrs. E. E. STRONG, Auburndale, Mass. 
Mrs. JAMES L. BARTON, Newton Centre, 

Miss SUSAN HAYES WARD, So. Berwick, 

Mrs. A. A. LINCOLN, Wollaston, Mass. 


Mrs. ELBERT A. H.A.RVEY, Brookline, Mass. 

Home Secretary 
Miss HELEN B. CALDER, Boston 

Mrs. EVERETT E. KENT, Newtan, Mas*. 
Mrs. W. L. ADAM, Pittsfield. Mass. 
Mrs. CLIFTON H. MIX, Worcester, Mam. 
Mrs. W. H. MEDLICOTT, Auburndale, 

Foreign Secretary 

Miss KATE G. LAMSON, Boston 
Editorial Secretary 

Miss ALICE M. KYLE, Boston 

Associate Secretaries 

Miss ANNE L. BUCKLEY, Boston Mrs. THEODORE S. LEE, Boston 

Secretary of Tonng People's Work Asst. Sec. of Tonng; People's Work 


Treasurer Assistant Treasurer 




Mrs. Nathaniel T. Bacon 
Miss Caroline Borden 
Miss Lucy W. Burr 
Mrs. Samuel B. Capen 
Mrs. Francis E. Clark 
Mrs. Joseph Cook 
Miss Sarah Louise Day 
Mrs. William Horace Day 
Mrs. Brewer Eddy 
Miss Frances V. Emerson 

Mrs. Tudson L. Cross 
Mrs. Walter Fitch 
Mrs. Edward D. Gaylord 
Mrs. Francis C. Hall 
Mrs. J. Frederick Hill 
Mrs. Albert W. Hitchcock 
Mrs. James R. Jewett 
Miss Eliza Kendrick 
Miss Lucy N. Lathrop 
Mrs. Emily L. McLaughlin 
Mrs. John E. Merrill 

Mrs. George E. Cary 
Mrs. Charles H. Daniels 
Miss Florence Davis 
Mrs. Edward C. Moore 
Mrs. H. H. Powers 
Mrs. Hayward P. Rolfe 
Miss E. Harriet Stanwood 
Miss Annie C. Strong 
Mrs. Charles F. Weeden 

Please makt mil 

Chairman, Mrs. EVERETT E. KENT, Newton, Mass 
Term Rxplrinc in 1921 

Mrs. E. H. Bigelow 
Miss Clara P. Bodman 
Mrs. Charles H. Bumham 
Mrs. Waldo Conant 
Mrs. J. B. Field 
Miss Marion Kendall 

Middlesex Branch 
Hampshire County Branck 
Springfield Branch 
North Middlesex Branch 
Andover and Woburn Branch 
Suffolk Branch 

Term Expiring in 1922 
Mrs. C. A. Ellis 
Mrs. John W. Little 
Mrs. D. O. Mears 
Mrs. George L. Richards 
Mrs. L. R. Smith 

Term Expiring in 1923 
Mrs. Lucius H. Thayer 
Mrs. John F. Thompson 
Miss Clara E. Wells 
Miss Abby G. Willard 
Miss Edith Woolsey 
Mrs. William G. Frost 

Essex North Branch 
Rhode Island Branch 
Essex South Branch 
Old Colony Branch 
Franklin County Branch 

New Hampshire Branch 
Western Maine Branch 
Hartford Branch 
Eastern Connecticut Branch 
New Haven Branch 
New Jersey Branch 

eheekt payable to Wouah's Boau or Missions. 

Life and Light 

Vol. LI February, 1921 No. 2 

The Exodus from Adabazar 

Miss Kinney Moves to Ismid 

XT is now six weeks since we were transported from 
Adabazar, bag and baggage, and all that time I have 
been trying to get a chance to write you. Today I am 
taking the opportunity afforded me by an ulcerated tooth which 
keeps me away from school and therefore gives me time to write. 

Of course you know that for six months we were shut up in 
Adabazar, almost entirely cut off from communication with the 
outside world. We passed through some very anxious days but 
for some reason we were preserved from the fate of so many of 
the villages all about us. As the news came to us of the destruc- 
tion of neighboring Armenian and Greek villages we never knew 
but our turn would come next, but the Turks in the city were 
clever enough to realize that a general massacre of Christians 
would be against their own interests and so they opposed such 
stringent measures. Fortunately for us their influence was strong 
enough, really to prevent the brigands from working their will. 

Way back in April Armenians began to leave the city and by 
the middle of June there had been such an exodus that 1 was 
obliged to close the day school department and begin to try to 
find means to send my teachers, who were from outside, away. 
But just as I was getting ready for this, Nationalists took posses- 
sion of the city and so they were all imprisoned with us through 
the summer. Finally I succeeded in getting them off on September 
9, overland, but at great expense, as carriages were at a premium 
on account of the danger of horses being seized. It cost Lt. 10.00 
per person for a journey that in ordinary times by rail would 
have cost 60 piastres. 

After getting the teachers off, rumors began to spread about 


Life and Light 


that the brigands were Hkely to enter the city in spite of the desire 
of the Turks to keep them out and it seemed as if I must take my 
flock of girls and flee. Several times we made preparations to 
flee — once by moonlight — but each time we were prevented by the 
failure of carriage men to come for us. We had several sick 
girls who could not walk and also some very small children who 
would have to ride, so we were kept back by them. Finally the 
very day when we really did succeed in getting the necessary carts, 
some English officers appeared in the city, having come by a 
motor which runs on the rails, and they told me to wait for a few 
days as they were going to run trains down. 

That changed things entirely, of course, and it seemed to me 
that perhaps we might not have to leave at all so long as the 
British considered it safe to run trains. However, we kept packed 
up all that we had prepared and awaited developments. On Sep- 
tember 17, about 7.30 P. M., I was called to the telephone and 
found Mr. Curt, Director of the Near East Relief, Constantinople 
Unit. He told me that it had been decided to remove our institu- 
tion to Bardezag and that I was to have all my family and all my 
equipment on the station platform by noon the next day. That 
was a pretty large order considering the transportation facilities 
in a place like Adabazar and the amount of my equipment, but we 
did the best we could and had the greater part of the furniture 
and all the girls ready as he had requested. Finally through a 
hitch in loading the cars we were not able to leave that day so all 
the kiddies had to march back to the emptj,' buildings and sleep on 
the floor rolled up in their blankets which we had fortunately kept 
out thinking we might reach Bardezag too late to put up beds. 

The next day, which was Sunday, we all left Adabazar — the 
girls loaded into three baggage cars and we teachers in another 
in which we had put a lounge and some easy chairs so that we 
came most comfortably. On arriving at Ismid (NicomediaV Mr. 
Curt met us and told us he had changed his mind about sending 
us to Bardezag but that the girls were to be given over to Miss 
Holt here in Ismid. After consulting with Miss Holt and later 
with Mr. Curt, we decided to divide responsibility,-. Miss Holt 

192 1] 

The Exodus from Adabazar 


was to take charge of the housing, clothing, etc., of the children, 
and I would then take charge of the educational side. And this 
has been a happy division of labor, which I hope will work out 
well in the end. 

I shall take 150 orphans into my school, for whom the N. E. R. 
pays. We have taken about 230 day pupils to pay the additional 
expenses. The people in Ismid are wild with delight at the op- 
portunity thus afforded them for educating their children and the 
Protestant Community has given me carte blanche to do as I like. 
They are finishing off the upper part of their church and when that 
is done I can have my whole Preparatory and Kindergarten de- 
partments in the church building. At present those departments 
are very crowded but a few weeks will see them straightened out, 
I think. 

And so I am trying out the problem for the future of our 
Armenian Girls' High School. It seems to me that there is no 
question of establishing that school in Adabazar again. The 
graduates are most anxious for the school to continue and I am 
sure it would be a thousand pities for it to die out. 

Of course I know that the policy of the Board in the future will 
be more than ever to internationalize their schools but this school 
is different and I am positive it can support itself in the future 
as it has in the past if it is given the necessary start and the 
Board continues to pay the salaries of three American women as 
formerly. As things are now it looks as if Ismid might be the 
ideal place for the school. Here, we are in Allied territory and 
the communication between here and Constantinople is much bet- 
ter than it ever was at Adabazar because we have the sea as well 
as the railroad. Then the healthfulness of the climate is an added 
inducement and last, and most important, the people of the city 
are ready to put their shoulder to the wheel and help just as our 
Adabazar people used to do. As Adabazar will be Turkish ter- 
ritory, the Armenians will never go back in any numbers. 

I haven't said a word about a helper. I need one exceedingly as 
I am all alone to do the English work and also run the school. I 
must have someone who is well because we have so much native 
food in order to live economically. 


Life and Light 



Miss Eleanor Foster and Miss Ruth Simpson expect to sail 
from New York January 15, to join the Marathi Mission. Miss 
Foster, whose home is in Troy, N. Y., gradu- 
ated from Vassar in 1918 and has spent the last 


few months in social service work at the Spring 
Street Settlement, New York City. She expects 
to teach in the Girls' School, Ahmednager. Miss Simpson's home 
is in Binghamton, N. Y., and she has taught several years since 
her graduation from Cornell University. Her work will prob- 
ably be educational. 

Miss Grisell McLaren sailed from New York January 11, re- 
turning after a prolonged furlough, during which she has taken 
training as a nurse in New Haven. Miss McLaren hopes to join 
Miss Myrtle Shane, with whom she was associated in Bitlis, in 
the Caucasus. 

Dr. and Mrs. H. H. Riggs of Harpoot were recently ordered by 
the Kemalists to go to Constantinople, according to a letter re- 
ceived by the American Board. The reasons were not given, but 
Dr. Riggs reports the missionaries left in Harpoot, Miss Harley, 
Dr. Parmalee and his sister, Mary Riggs, as well. He speaks in 
the highest terms of the relief work as carried on in Talas under 
the care of Miss Loughridge, Miss Orvis, Miss Richmond, and 
Near East workers, as he had seen it on his way to Constantinople. 

In a recent letter. Miss Richmond speaks of her own joy in being 
allowed to minister to so many needy ones and of the splendid 
helpers she has in her relief work in Cesarea. We quote from 
her letter : 

"Before I went home I thought we had fine helpers here, but 
now I cannot say enough for them. All of my helpers here in the 
city are new to me, but just as dear as they can be. While I 
am in Talas during the week, I know that the work is going on 
faithfully and splendidly. They are few, but fine. Moreover, 
there is a very deep religious interest, a longing for and finding of 
the deepest things, among them which would rejoice your heart. 
Do pray for its extension. Several have lately found Him and 

192 1] 



their joy and earnestness for others is beautiful to see. The three 
and a half months in which I have lived in the city alone have 
been the most wonderful of all my life, I believe, as I carefully 
think it over. When I lived here in years past, we were too busy 
with school work to know people much, but now I know so many 
and feel that they are mine. I didn't know before I came here 
that such happiness and joy were possible for human beings." 

Dr. Harriet E. Parker of Madura hopes to sail in April for 
her much-needed and long-overdue furlough. Dr. Ryder, who 
sailed October 30th, going out to assist in the Woman's Hospital, 
had the misfortune to fall on ship-board and break her ankle, 
but at last accounts was doing well. 

Rev. E. P. Holton of the Madura Mission, who had looked 
forward with joy to returning to his work in Gudalur and ex- 
pected to sail January 19, is critically ill with pneumonia at the 
Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston. 

A cable has just brought the sad news of the death of Miss 
Ruth Holland, of Uduvil, Ceylon. 

As we are omitting the detailed list of gifts for reasons of 
economy, a brief summary of the receipts is given on the last 


Receipts Available for Regular Work, December 1 — 31, 1920 



C. W. M. 

Lesracies and 

Legacy Fund 

from In- 
& Deposits 









Gain . 

LOM. . 







October 18— December 31 , 1920 

1920 . 








Gain . 







Life and Light 


A Memorable Day at White Plains, New York 

"The most memorable day in the history of the Westchester 
Church." That is what one of the pastors prophesied it would be 
in the morning and what he declared it had been in the evening 
of New Year Sunday, 1921. The special occasion was the com- 
mission and installation service of Miss Lillian Picken as the 
missionary of the Westchester Church in Satara, India. For 
seventeen years Mrs. Theodore S. Lee has been the representative 
in Satara of this ever-growing church, and this relationship has 
been a unique one in the unusual warmth of 
devotion and loyalty of support rendered by 
all the members to their missionary abroad 
and by her to them. Mrs. Lee has now 
become Associate Secretary of the Woman's 
Board of Missions as she feels she must 
remain in this country with her two children, 
and the church has assumed the support of 
Miss Picken, who was associated with Mrs. 
Lee for a short time in the Satara station, 
Miss Picken under the support of the W. B. M. I., and 
returns there after her furlough. 
The "memorable day" began, as far as public services go, with 
missionary messages in the Sunday Schools of the three churches 
of White Plains, Scarsdale, and Chatterton Hill which together 
make up the Westchester Church. The communion service was 
celebrated in each of the churches and Miss Picken was received 
as a member. 

The installation and commission service was preceded by a half 
hour prayer service of pastors, missionaries and officers, led by 
Mr. Fred B. Smith, who also offered the prayer of invocation at 
the larger service. The Scripture reading was by Rev. Hugh 
Hubbard, a child of the church, on furlough from his mission 
station in Paotingfu, China. Miss Calder, Home Secretary of the 
Woman's Board, a personal friend of Miss Picken, gave the in- 
stallation address on the subject, "Victorious Personality," taking 
as her text, H Cor. 2 : 14 — 'Thanks be unto God who always 
leadeth us in triumph in Christ, and maketh manifest through us 

19 2 1] A Memorable Day at White Plains, New York 47 

the savor of His knowledge in every place." The commission was 
given by Mrs. Franklin Warner, President of the Woman's Board 
of Missions, who is a member of the church. Rev. John Stapleton, 
the pastor of the Scarsdale Church, gave the right hand of fellow- 
ship, and Rev. Henry M. Dyckman, pastor of the Chatterton Hill 
congregation, who is just beginning his service in this church, 
offered the prayer of consecration for the missionaries and pastors 
and the congregation. 

The central feature of the service was the "Passing of the 
Torch," Mrs. Lee's charge to Miss Picken in behalf of Satara. 
In introducing Mrs. Lee, Rev. William D. Street made it very 
clear that while the church is rejoicing in adding a new missionary 
they continue to retain Mrs. Lee also as their missionary at home, 
where she will be more accessible for consultation and advice on 
missionary work of the church. Mrs. Lee spoke of the joy of her 
seventeen years of service as a missionary of the church, and of 
her feeling of obligation to bear witness more strongly than ever 
to the needs of Satara and the successes of the work there. She 
took in her hands a lighted Indian lamp and as she passed it to 
Miss Picken she gave the charge to her successor, expressing her 
happiness in passing the torch to one who was already her friend 
and the friend of the women of Satara who need her so much. 

At the young people's service in the evening, led by Miss Grace 
Vining, one of the church members and a Student Volunteer at 
Oberlin, Miss Picken spoke more personally of her own life, 
telling how she came to be a missionary, and challenged the young 
people to make it their daily task to win others to Christ and His 

The most prominent piece of decoration in the overcrowded 
chapel which serves as the White Plains church is the church service 
flag with twenty-five stars, representing members in various forms 
of missionary service, a silent but forceful testimony to the 
eflfective missionary education carried on in the church since its 
organization twenty-two years ago in a carpenter's shop. Another 
practical evidence of the sense of stewardship on the part of the 
members is in the returns from the Every Member Canvass, which 
increased the benevolence budget in the White Plains church alone 
from $3,000 to $9,000. 


Life and Light 


In the Z-enanas of Ind la 

By Mrs. L. H. Gates, Sholapur 

^^^^^^HE house was built plumb on the edge of the road. It 
■ was an imposing affair of brick and stone, with stone 

^^^^/ steps leading into the doorways and a parapet on either 
side of the steps, where a row of bright flowering plants added 
to the cheer of the welcome. The master of the house, dressed 
in European clothing, met us at the door and greeted us warmly. 
The room which we entered was attractively furnished in Euro- 
pean fashion. There were a few Indian things about. But this 
was merely the office of the men-folk and we were ushered to the 
second floor of the house. Here, also, was a large room with 
chairs of gay upholstery, and tables with tawdry lace covers. 
China dogs and cats as well as nude figures carrying flower vases 
graced the mantel. Photograph albums lay conveniently placed 
on the tables. But on the walls hung an appalling array of 
ancestors — men dressed in the Indian garb of an earlier day, viv- 
idly colored and most amazingly unreal. The sons of the house- 
hold met us here. They spoke English fluently, were men of 
education and of importance in the business world. But every- 
where we missed the presence of women. There was no sound 
of swishing skirts or soft voices, no sign of a woman's hand hav- 
ing arranged the room and put the flowers in the stiff vases. Very 
quickly exhausting our points of contact with the men, we asked 
if we might see the women of the household. 

We were escorted up a flight of steps to the rear of the house. 
A board walk clung to the sides of the house high up around an 
open court. In the court at the bottom, nothing was to be seen. 
No person was allowed in it above or below, except servants or 
members of the household. About this court, on the women's 
floor, were many rooms, all with heavy portieres hanging at the 
doors. As we stepped out on the balcony there were rustling 
sounds to be heard, especially within one room. The host un- 
ceremoniously ushered us in and we found every woman on her 
feet, with her sari pulled down over her face. The host left us 


In the Zenanas of India 


there and immediately there was a buzz of many voices, growing 
louder as the sound of his footsteps died away. There were six 
women in the room. All were young except the wife of the 
host, who was the queen bee in this hive. The others were wives 
of her five sons, all of whom were in deadly fear of her wrath. 
They were all weighted down with gold and silver like a Queen 
of Sheba. Chains of fine workmanship and of graduated length 
hung around their necks, forming a breastplate from the neck to 
the waist. Their arms were concealed from wrist to shoulder with 
bracelets of silver, gold and ivory. Heavy silver ornaments were 
on their ankles, and the toes were covered with a network of sil- 
ver chains. Nose rings were hung with large pearls and rubies. 
Silver chains were hung from the hair, fastened just where it was 
parted in front and looping from there to the ears, where great 
silver bells hung from the ear lobes. Fingers also were covered 
with rings. In fact, there was not a possible place for anything to 
be put, which was not concealed by these signs of the wealth of the 
family. The saris of green, purple, orange, red and blue, with 
their gold and silver borders added the finishing touch to a truly 
Oriental scene. 

The conversation centered about ourselves, — our ages, the num- 
ber of wives our husbands had, our children, etc. Then we took 
our turn at asking questions. We found that those women are 
not allowed to leave this floor of the house except when they are 
lo take a railway journey, at which time the greatest care to keep 
them concealed is taken. They never remove their jewelry, — 
not even for sleeping, and they assured us that it wasn't uncom- 
fortable to sleep in when you were used to it. Their importance 
in that room depended upon the number of their children, es- 
pecially the number of boys. The old mother-in-law was a typi- 
cal Indian virago, ruling them with no gentle hand. Some of 
them were very fortunate in that they had had a chance to learn 
to read and they begged us for books. Their time is spent entirely 
in embroidering borders for their jam or making caps for their 
children, ornamented with silver and gold. And the high pitched 
voices carry on endless petty disputes and quarrels from morning 


Life and Light 


to night. But their ears are keyed to the sounds of the footsteps 
which announced the approach of the men folk. Instantly every 
voice was silent and every woman was on her feet. The old 
mother was the only one who was allowed to sit in the presence 
of her lord and master. With their urgent appeal for another 
speedy visit ringing in our ears, we were escorted from them to 
the light and air of the front part of the house where only the 
privileged male persons were allowed to come. The Zenana 
knows nothing of the privilege of womanhood and suffrage! 

Our wanderings one day brought us to a row of houses where 
dwelt many policemen. Every door was supplied with a chain 
which was hooked closely over a staple in the wall of the house. 
Every chain was in place. It looked as though we should find no 
one at home there, but our guide stepping briskly to a door 
called out that the Miss Sahib had come to call and from within 
a voice summoned us to enter. We found the wife of the police- 
man going about her housework as though it were the natural 
thing for her door to be fastened on the outside. In every house 
of that long row ot dwellings were women whose husbands lock 
them in each morning when they leave for their work. The rooms 
are dark and the air is close and heavy, but they were compelled 
to stay there quietly until the master of the house should return, 


New Women Being Reached at Sholapur 

Mrs. Gates writes later : 

Another quarter of a year has ended. During that time, we 
have said farewell to Mr. and Mrs. Stratton, who left us in 
August for their furlough in Australia. We have welcomed 
in their place Mr. and Mrs. McBride, who were formerly sta- 
tioned here but who, since their last furlough, have been in 
charge of the work at Sirur. They, with their children, have 
added much to our Mission circle, and the splendid way in which 
they have taken hold of the work in the Settlement has been a 
great inspiration and cause for happiness to all of us. They are 

19 2 1] New Women Being Reached at Sholapur 51 

finding the work full of interest and novelty and hope. The 
chief difficulty is in finding enough Christian teachers and 
workers of the right character to do work among the criminal 
castes. One needs to show Christianity at its best in order to let 
such people see the beauty of that which we are offering them. 

The quarter has seen the developing of our new Anglo- Vernac- 
ular school for girls. The Government examinations have just 
taken place, and as usual, the girls in both schools have done well. 
Miss Fowler is to be congratulated on the success of her venture 
and for the way in which she has borne up under the additional 
burdens which have come to her. Miss Wheeler and Miss Welles 
have put the Kindergarten in first class condition and they have 
120 children on the roll. We are letting you take some of the 
regular work for granted as we wish to tell you some of the inter- 
esting things that are happening among our non-Christian ac- 

Among the Hindu women of high caste in the city, whom Miss 
Fowler and Sulochanabai have been able to cultivate during the 
past twenty years there is one woman who has been especially 
friendly. Her name is Peradeshinabai, which means "a woman 
from a foreign country." She cannot tell whether she came 
originally from some other place or whether her parents merely 
wished to arouse people's curiosity by giving her a name that was 
suggestive. At any rate she has been friendly to all of us who are 
really "from the foreign country." She has always been inter- 
ested in the girls' school and is very faithful in remembering the 
orphan children with candy on special days during the year, and 
especially after their annual examinations. The girls and the 
teachers visit freely in her home, where they are always welcome. 

Recently she came to Miss Fowler asking if there were a teacher 
available to help her with a sewing school for the women and 
girls in her neighborhood. The only one available at the time 
of day when she was wanted was the matron of our girls' board- 
ing department. She is a young woman who is developing 
splendidly in the work she has. She came to us as a famine 
child during one of the big famines and was most obstreperous. 


Life and Light 


The missionary punishecj her repeatedly, but she ran away more 
than once and had to be brought back by the police. She was of 
good caste origin and therefore objected to eating with the low- 
caste children. But she has grown into a fine woman and is now 
giving her services in this school for Brahmin children. 

Peradeshinabai's daughter, Kausalyabai, and a friend of hers 
are able to teach the sewing, but our Christian teacher is there 
at every session and teaches ; and now is teaching three of the 
younger women to read and write. It is simply a wedge which 
we trust the Lord will open further. 

Even our small children have absorbed the spirit of helpful- 
ness and are trying to do their share. The little girls' C. E. 
Society has adopted the custom of having an occasional meet- 
ing under the trees by the roadside somewhere. The first time, 
many little children from the neighborhood, hearing the singing, 
came to investigate and stayed to learn. The children sang and 
prayed and had their little talk about the subject for the day. 
Before they came away, they promised the children who had 
gathered to hear them, that the next time they came they would 
bring them picture cards. Consequently, some weeks later, a 
large crowd gathered to meet them and showed a great deal of 
interest. The girls themselves are much interested and feel that 
they are truly serving their Master. 

The last time they went out, some women who were passing 
stopped to listen. One of them was especially interested and the 
missionary told her that she would be glad to talk to her at the 
bungalow whenever she would come. Later it was discovered 
that this women was the same one who, during the influenza 
epidemic had run away from home and come to us begging 
to be taken in. She was seeking for peace, and it seemed to her 
that she might find it in our homes. The circumstances were 
such that it was unwise at the time to allow her to stay with us, 
and so she had to be persuaded to return to her home and to try 
and win her people to come with her in her search for peace. 
Two years had gone by and we had seen nothing of her until 
she chanced to hear the children singing by the roadside. Since 
then she has been to the bungalow bringing several of her house- 
hold with her. The missionaries have talked with her and she 
has taken home with her several copies of the gospel stories. 

19 2 1] Then and Now at Aruppukottai, India 53 

Then and Now at Aruppukottai, India 

By C. E. Qyickenden 

X EXPECTED to be able to send you a letter in Sep- 
tember telling all about the touring during July and 
August — but alas — there was no touring. At the very 
beginning of July, Dr. Jefifery broke down in health and went 
away to rest. Mrs. Jeffery had to go to nurse him and I was left 
alone here and shall be alone until the end of the year. With Mrs. 
Jefifery's big boarding school as well as my own work I sometimes 
feel very much like a machine that has to just keep going and go- 
ing and has not time to even think. 

During this year I have especially been noticing the diflference in 
the attitude of the parents of our children. Twenty years ago 
they would not let their children learn to repeat verses about Jesus 
— they did not so much mind "proverbs." Now we sell to the 
children hundreds of Bible verse books, gospels, etc., and they are 
in every home. Fifteen years ago children, or women pupils of 
Bible women, who dared to come to our church were likely to 
be beaten and locked up and in some castes a rule was made 
imposing a fine of five rupees on any man who allowed women 
'or children to come to our church — and children who spoke of 
Jesus at home were removed from school and sometimes our 
school would be half empty for weeks in consequence. 

This year our station Christian Endeavor Rally was held in 
the church and children from three higher classes in each school 
came to it, — the little ones were not allowed simply because there 
was not room, for the church was packed full. About nine 
schools were represented. Our Aruppukottai Hindu girls chose 
for their exercise the story of the young king Josiah cleansing the 
temple after finding the "Book of the Law." The girls brought 
a small idol such as is seen in many iiomes and a large iron spoon 
of charcoal and incense to illustrate their former life. Then they 
told the story of Josiah, and when they came to the part of the 
cleansing of the temple they overturned the idol, spoon, etc., and 
holding up a Bible said, "We too have found the Word of God 


Life and Light 


and so have turned all idol worship out of our lives and we now 
worship the true God." They finished by singing a very good 
song about "what a Christian Endeavor Society could be and 
do." Even I was surprised that not a word of complaint has 
been heard about it from any parent — they are being won grad- 
ually through their children. 

Now for Puliampatti School — an even harder atmosphere to 
work in — because the castes there have little or no education and 
are still terribly superstitious, but here we are largely breaking 
down opposition through a few sf>ecial families. In one family 
two girls have passed through our school and became Christians, 
the eldest Luchmi. I've often written about how she refused 
to marry a Hindu for some time, and was not married until 
nineteen years old. Then for a year or two it was hard for 
her — sometimes she was beaten and not allowed to come to 
church — but gradually her life has told in the home and last 
month she was able to persuade her husband to come to me for 
medicine for malaria. He came — but stood far oflF. He would 
not even come up to the veranda to get it, seemed afraid of me, 
still he took the medicine. Prayer followed it and in a few days 
he came back, better, so then ventured a little nearer and also 
asked for cough mixture. It is against their caste rules to drink 
water given by us, so I explained that this medicine would be 
liquid, would he take it? Yes, he would and did. One week 
later he came to bring the bottle back — quite well now — and also 
quite friendly. He came and sat down and we had a nice long 
talk, — I expect to see him again. 

Lachmi's next sister never went to school, but is now being 
taught at home. The third girl, Sambooranam, was our next 
student. She also became a Christian before leaving and alas 
was married as soon as she left the fifth grade, when only 
thirteen years old. I believe I wrote before how she objected 
and afterward refused to go with the husband, for he was bad, 
how he took her by force, locked her up in a room in the town, 
ill-treated her so that they had to get the magistrate to interfere, 
and she was again handed over to her father. That night the 

19 2 IJ 

News from Aintab via the Lebanon 


young man disappeared and we hope he will never come back; 
we hear that he went to Rangoon. 

In the meantime, Sambooranam, with her father's consent, is 
holding a class in her home for girls of her own age who never 
went to school. She has now twelve pupils, girls from twelve to 
sixteen or seventeen years of age. She teaches them to read and 
write and also teaches the Bible, hymns, and prayer; and on 
our Harvest Thanksgiving Sunday three of these girls came 
to church with her and sang a hymn in public. 

Perhaps this doesn't mean much to you but I remember be- 
ing told that my life was in danger if I came into those very 
same caste people's street only nineteen years ago, so you see 
it does mean a great change in Puliampatti. I must not for- 
get that the Bible woman's work there too has something to 
do with it. Luchmi's mother, who was baptized on New 
Year's Day, is very earnest and rarely comes to church alone, 
usually bringing some other woman with her, and so through 
that family we are reaching many souls. 

News from Aintab via the Lebanon 

By Mrs. Lorin Shepard 

XAM writing from Miss Frearson's orphanage trans- 
planted from Aintab, where Dr. Shepard and Miss 
Foreman put me with Baby Alice for safe keeping 
while they went back to that nightmare in Aintab. It is worse 
than it has been at any time since the deportations, with the 
Colonel's frank confession that he sees no prospect of anything 
to improve the situation during the whole winter. The latest 
word which left Aintab just a week ago says that the Turks are 
shelling the Christian quarter with their 105 cm. gun, that all the 
Americans except my husband and Miss Foreman are coming 
out (Miss Clarke goes to language school), that the Armenians 
have been forced to join the French, that the only food, and that 
is very, very scarce and expensive, is bread and grapes, that Lor- 
in and Dr. Bezjian are the only doctors left in the city, that the 


Life and Light 


French commanded an attack on the Turks from the Armenian 
positions which was not altogether successful, that a shell has 
landed in "Dr. Hamilton's garden" (the hospital house yard, 
that is) but did no damage except to demolish a small mat 
shed. The orphans which Miss Foreman had collected since 
the general orphan exodus last May will come out next week 
to join Miss Frearson's here. 

The rains have begun there and the road which was over 
ankle deep in dust when we came out will be almost hub deep 
in mud before long. Convoys are coming and going con- 
stantly to stack up the garrison with supplies for all winter. 
Lorin writes that the vacation here of three weeks helped him 
wonderfully. Miss Foreman also went back well rested, but the 
strain on both will be terrific. I hope the Near East Relief will 
send a Relief Director soon, as Lorin declares he can do only 
the medical work, and will be overburdened with that. 

There are Aintab orphans in Beirut, both boys and girls, wait- 
ing for Dr. Hamilton, unless she is summoned to Aintab. There 
will also be a cry of joy on Miss Trowbridge's arrival as the 
condition of the Aintab refugees in the city here is pitiful. There 
are hundreds trying to get to America, and we expect a cargo 
ship in about a month which will go straight from Beirut to 
New York, taking about 1000. 

New Duties and Openings at Uduvil, Ceylon 

By Lulu G. Bookw^alter 

The new classroom block is the best looking building we have 
as it has an upstairs verandah and it is made on the order of the 
arch. This new row of classrooms joins the old Tamil School 
main building to the dormitory, so that one may walk from the 
verandah of the main hall along past the classrooms to the 
verandah of the dormitory. There are six classrooms, three up 
and three down. What a blessing they will be, and how we look 
forward to them! We will, when we occupy them in January, 

192 1] New Duties and Openings at Uduvil, Ceylon 57 

take three English school classes out of the dormitory, and we 
shall take down the temporary bungalow nearest the road, wliich 
is a great eye-sore to comers. 

The training school entrance class is to study a year instead of 
one term, and we have drawn up a special syllabus for it. I have 
been free to let my fancy work in this with the approval of the 
Director of Education, and we have quite an interesting syllabus 
of work. The Practising School for the training school we are 
improving also by giving English to all the children three-quar- 
ters of an hour a day. The Tamil School has drawing, singing 
and English as extra subjects. The English school gets the most 
attention as English demands more supervision and a higher 
standard. I have told Miss Clark to concentrate from now until 
March on three things : Kindergartens — English and Tamil, the 
Primary English School, and Drawing throughout all the schools. 
.That will keep her busy. The managers of village schools are 

Celebrating " Old Girls " Day at Uduvil. Miss Howland in centre 


Life and Light 


calling for kindergarten teachers for village schools and she is 
organizing them. 

Several months ago I was appointed by the governor to serve 
for a time on the Board of Education for Ceylon. At the first 
meeting I was put on a Committee to revise the Code for English 
Schools — to consider the minimum rate of salaries and school 
fees. On account of this committee, in July, I slept six nights on 
the train, and spent a full week of vacation sitting every day at 
work on the Code. I must go again tomorrow evening. I have 
already missed two meetings because at the beginning of the 
school term I felt I couldn't leave Miss Clark with the whole 
school on her shoulders. 

The members of this committee would interest you. The 
Director of Education is chairman, a Burgher is secretary, then 
members follow — a Hindu, a Tamil, Christian, Buddhist, Catholic 
Father, a Protestant English missionary gentleman and myself. 
Two are on the Ceylon Legislative Council. We certainly have 
some interesting discussions. 

" Old Girls " who were in school with Miss Agnew 

Board of the Pacific 

Mrs. Ernest A. Evans. 
Vice-President Secretary 
Mrs. Robert C. Kirkwood, Mrs. C. A. Kofoid, 

301 Lowell Ave., Palo Alto, Cal. 2616 Etna St., Berkeley, Cal. 


Mrs. E. R. Wagner, 355 Reed St., San Jose, Cal. 


Rev. and Mrs. Emery Ellis sailed from San Francisco in 
January after some weeks in Idaho, Washington and California. 

Mrs. Madeline Waterhouse Nicholson has 
been at our Headquarters en route with her hus- 
Personals. band for the Atlantic Coast. They will spend 

the winter in the vicinity of New York City. 
Mrs. Lacy of the Methodist W. F. M. S. has been a recent 
guest, coming from Shanghai with the latest word concerning our 
Union Kindergarten Training School at Foochow, where her 
daughter, Miss Alice Lacy, is the colleague of Miss Bertha Allen 
of our Board. 

Miss Grisell McLaren of the Woman's Board at Boston has 
been in California for a few weeks before leaving for Boston 
where she expects to sail for Turkey unless recent developments 
deter her from doing so. She and Mrs. J. K. Browne had a 
happy reunion. She was also able to visit with the Armenian 
girls who were Dr. Reynolds' proteges, now studying at the 
University of California. Miss McLaren knew them in Van, 
where she was working when the war broke out. 

The annual meetings of most of the Branches of the Board of 
the Pacific in the Northwest were held in conjunction with the 
state conferences. All report fine inspiring meet- 
Branch Annual jj^ Washington the meeting was held in 
Spokane and the general topic of the Conference 
was "Obligations of the Pilgrim Heritage," the 
principal speaker of the Woman's meeting being Dr. H. P. Pack- 
ard of Persia. Mrs. F. A. Noble spoke on Prayer Circles, and Mrs. 
C. C. Upton on Thank Oflferings. Mrs. L. O. Baird presided and 



Life and Light 


the \"ice Presidents were all on the platform and gave their own 
reports. In Oregon the place was the fine new building of the 
church at Forest Grove. The program was enlivened by a 
humorous dialogue to awaken the interest in missionary litera- 
ture. Mrs. Warren Morse, who has been Acting President for 
the past year, was elected to fill the office as President. 

Idaho, too, has a new president this year in the person of Mrs. 
J. E. Sears of Bruneau. The Annual Meeting was held at Weiser 
and the expression class of the Inter-Mountain Institute gave a 
missionary drama as part of the program, a fine way in which to 
enlist the interest of the young people. Utah had its meeting at 
Ogden and Mrs. Otis Gary, formerly of Kyoto, Japan, was with 
them. Mrs. Edward Merrill, the secretary, gave the report of 
the Board Annual Meeting and Gonferences in San Francisco, 
which she and Mrs. Simpkin, the president, were able to attend. 
Mrs Simpkin is removing to the Pacific Goast, so a new president 
was elected in the person of Mrs. S. C. Hammond of Salt Lake 
City, Utah. 

The Multitude at Our Doors 

By Mrs. Chauncey Goodrich, Peking 

Although the story of the disturbance in North China is not recent 
news, Mrs. Goodrich's account is so vivid that we feel sure that the readers 
of Life and Light will be interested in it. — The Editor. 

XT is not easy to go back and recall the happenings of 
the last two weeks, which have been filled with suf- 
fering and death, with people flying for safety from 
disbanded soldiers, or to-be-feared looters from among "the 
submerged tenth." 

You have read of the rush to Tientsin, even the week before, 
and the crowding into the hotels of the Legation Quarter. 

Our first request, here in the American Board Mission at 
Peking, came the second of July from a former viceroy. On 
the seventh a meeting was called of the foreigners and influential 
Ghinese to see what could be done. Dr. Wilder, Mrs. Ingram, 
my husband and myself all expected to leave that week for work 

192 1] 

The Multitude at Our Doors 


or for vacation, we four being tlie only foreigners left in the 
compound. It was voted to get in coal and grain (rice), borrow- 
ing money, expecting it would be returned. 

Dr. Wilder and others looked after defences, Mr. Pi, the pastor, 
after supplies, while Mrs. Ingram and I began getting the build- 
ings in order. The middle building, or first dormitory of Bridg- 
man Academy, was filled at once, as well as much of the Bible 
School, by a viceroy's family, and by another official family ; 
school girls, largely from well-to-do families, sought their school, 
notably those of the Pei Yuen, so that by Sunday the eighteen 
rooms, all of the school rooms, recitation rooms, library, kinder- 
garten, Fu Tung Chapel, were filled, nay, crowded, even to the 
hallways and verandahs. 

Many registered who did not finally come in, as it was not the 
poor that came, but the wealthy and official classes with their 
nurses ; as we did not furnish food at this time, the poor were 
not attracted. Registering, with tickets for reentering, was at- 
tended to by teacher Li and his aides. Mr. Hung, returned from 
France, did fine work at the back gate. We simply had a won- 
derful family of high class ladies, lovely young girls and adorable 
little children with babies galore from one month old upward. 
We gradually developed a really excellent organization, so that 
we had all sorts of committees — Sanitation, Rooms, Food, Evan- 
gelization, Lectures, Errand Girls, Boy Scouts, etc. Hot and 
cold water we kept on tap. Our Chinese had equal authority 
with the foreigners. The whole affair would have been a failure 
without their unwearied service. Gradually all the houses, ours, 
Mrs. Sheffield's, the ladies', as well as the schools, were filled. 
Dr. Wilder's dining room had a family of seventeen. All break- 
ables and nice furniture were removed, and open things were 
sealed up with paper. 

Our courts looked so lovely with the green grass and flowers 
and trees, and all these beautiful children, babies and young girls 
walking about. Games were held every evening by the Game 
Committee. Evening prayers were held in the School Court, 
and Bible School each night. Amongst the interesting guests 


Life and Light 


were the five-year-old son of one family whose father and 
mother had gone away ; one mother who brought her own family 
here, as "the foreigners know how to take care of children"; 
members of Prince Ching's family ; members of the head of the 
National .Museum in the Imperial City, of the Rear Admiral of 
the Navy, wives and children of the military commanders on both 
sides; members of the Educational Board, the Government 
University and Higher Normal School, and of the various "Minis- 

Miss Wu and I assigned all rooms, so that I learned the floor 
capacity of the compound. We had ninety-nine rooms and places 
in eight halls, not counting Min Lun Tang, the school for non- 
Christian women, which was full, nor the homes of the foreigners. 
We systemized the work so that matters ran quite smoothly. 
Besides the men's committees — Registration, Protection, etc., we 
had an Oversight Committee, which each night saw that the 
lights were out and that there was no smoking. Two girl stu- 
dents were at the entrance of the Academy to watch the gate, 
and two to find the friends when men came to see their wives and 
babes. No man was allowed inside the buildings, but it was 
lovely in the cool of the evening to see the family groups walking 
through the grounds. Two or three fathers never failed to come 
and play with their babies. 

Each family provided its own food, either going out to eat or 
having prepared meals sent in, but over 3,000 catties of rice was 
on hand in case of need. We used no foreign houses or rooms 
until we felt the time had come. We felt assured in our hearts 
that every one who was absent would want to help in this mar- 
velous opportunity. We had prayed for guidance in the work 
of winning "China for Christ," and now God had sent the mul- 
titude to our very doors, not the poor, but the very influential. 
I enjoyed working with Mrs. Ingram and the Chinese. The 
desire to help animated all hearts. 

We admitted no men and no boy over twelve years, with one 
rare exception. He came walking, or rather dragging one foot 
after the other, with an attendant on either side, an old man with 

192 1] 

The Multitude at Our Doors 


a long white beard, tall and stately, and, lo, hanging from his 
button was one of our entrance tickets. How did he get it? we 
asked. "Fu Tai Tai (Mrs. Goodrich herself) said I could come 
in !" Ah ! these southern dialects. I never knew I had promised 
this. When I expostulated, saying the Refuge was for women 
and children only, he lifted his long white beard. Because of 
my own white-bearded husband, my heart was touched. Mrs. 
Ingram helped me out, suggesting Mrs. Sheffield's study with its 
outside door. It was General C who had applied. 

The Chinese worked so beautifully with us. Love, courtesy 
and thoughtfulness characterized almost every act. As I said, 
we gave no refuge to men, only to frightened women, with, the 
prayer that those who have shared in the cruel wrong to China 
might have their eyes opened. I felt all the time as if the Spirit 
of God had been brooding over our compound. 

Mrs. Ingram and I did all we could to put away articles and 
protect them. We were both refugees in the British Legation in 

1900. I shall never forget the day I spent with Mrs. in the 

drawing room of the British Legation as her little American baby 
struggled in vain for life. Nothing in that room which had been 
the scene of so many functions of international character was 
too good, and when a little casket was needed. Lady MacDonald 
brought the white silk with which to cover it. 

The using of our compound and of our belongings has been our 
beautiful chance to show that nothing really needed was too good 
for God and His Kingdom, 

Qyotable Sayings from Great Missionary Leaders 

"That life is most worth living whose work is most worth 

"Other people are talking brotherhood, the missionary is ex- 
emplifying it." 

"The message for the hour is for the main body to come up to 
the firing line." 

"The best remedy for a sick church is to put it on a missionary 

Field Correspondents 

Dr. and Mrs. Beals of Wai write of tour among the villages: 

Every day we met many old friends who had been hospital 
patients, and we had a most cordial welcome everywhere. In one 
of the villages, one of our largest meetings was held until nearly 
midnight right on the spot where one of the young preachers with 
us was stoned a few years ago when trying to preach there with 
one of our missionaries. At this meeting, there, this year, one 
of the leading citizens of the place, a lawyer and a high-caste 
Hindu, came forward and oflFered to help us with the music. He 
is an excellent drummer and we gladly accepted his offer. He 
was a patient in the hospital for several weeks, a while ago. 

We have lately become friends with a wealthy Mohammedan 
gentleman and his wife who live here. He is called "His High- 
ness, the Nawab Saheb" ; he is a young man about thirty-five, 
who was brought up in a Mission school by an English missionary 
lady. He is therefore well educated and speaks excellent Eng- 
lish, is perfectly at ease with English ways and manners. At 
present he represents the Mohammedan community of the Bom- 
bay Presidency on the Governor's Council. First we were 
called professionally to see his wife, "The Begam Saheba." She 
lives in close "purda," i. e., she is never seen by men, excepting 
her husband and near relatives. The house they live in has a 
garden about it which is entirely enclosed by a wall eight or ten 
feet high. Outside of this the "Beham Saheba" never steps 
without being closely veiled. Dr. Lester Beals has been to see 
this same lady before when she was sick, but had to feel her 
pulse and examine her as best he could behind a curtain, without 
seeing her at all. 

This time we were asked to go in together, much to our sur- 
prise. The "Nawab Saheb" received us at the gate, and con- 
ducted us into where the "Begam Saheba" was waiting for us, 
in a cool apartment tiled in green and pink, with green and pink 
tinted glass at the windows. Her costume of chiffon over green 
and gray silk, with pink silk stockings, was most beautifully 
suited to her light brown velvety skin. And it was a wonder to 


192 1] 

Field Correspondents 


us to see with what grace and ease she sat and talked with us, 
a woman inured to rigorous seclusion, yet able to hold her own 
dignity with the strange member of the forbidden sex in the 
room. After a little general conversation, the gentlemen with- 
drew, and I talked alone with "Her Highness." I have seldom 
seen anyone so hungry for life, for friends, for education. As 
the men left the room, she got up and came to me, and putting 
her hands on my shoulders said, "Don't go. Stay. Come and see 
me often, won't you?" and much more which all meant, "I am 
so glad you came." She tried to get me to come and teach her 
English regularly, so that she could read English books, she said, 
but really meant that she wants to have someone come to see 
her often. 

After having done all we could for her professionally, the 
Begam Saheba had tea and cookies brought in and, much to my 
satisfaction, sat and drank tea with us, which never happens in 
a Hindu house, because of their caste rules. Afterwards I had 
the opportunity to urge the Nawab Saheb to let his wife come 
to see us in our bungalow. And he promised if we sent away 
all the men who might happen to be around: the gardener, the 
cook, etc., she could come. So a few days ago she came. Her 
husband brought her in his auto all covered over with a huge 
white cloth so that no one could catch a glimpse of her Highness. 

Miss Ethel M. Beeman, the new American kindergartner for the 
Institute Colon, writes from Guadalajara. 

I am very happy here in Guadalajara. I escaped the necessity 
of being submitted to the adjusting process. Things Mexican 
seemed natural from the first, although I have lived in the coun- 
try only a year before, and the people of the mission are almost 
all old friends whom I am glad to see and live with again. 

I have seventeen kindergarten children and shall soon have a 
few more who are waitinsr to be a little older before they come 
to school. The children are all interesting, responsive and 
lovable. One small boy can quickly and skillfully make out of 
clay anything from a king with a crown on his head and riding 
upon an elephant to a dead man in a coffin with the lid closed 


Life and Light 

over him. At least fifteen out of the seventeen are especially 
good in music. They all love stories, and the same ones that 
children in the United States and everywhere else do. We have 
been on several excursions and one child asked rather wistfully 
why we hadn't yet been to the house of the three bears. The 
parents are very eager that their children shall learn English, for 
they think the knowledge of that language is the high road to the 
United States and to wealth. Most of the kindergarten children 
can intelligibly say, "Good morning" now — either by day or by 
night. Two little girls who have acquired this degree of fluency 
have a brother who can walk but not yet talk, being about a year 
and a month old. They explained soberly and apologetically that 
the reason he didn't come to school was because he didn't know 
how to speak English. 

I have a Mexican assistant who is supposed to profit in some 
measure from being with me, and from whom I profit a great deal 
because of my insufficient knowledge of Spanish and her much 
longer acquaintance with this kindergarten. She had charge of 
it herself last year and this fall during September. 

In the afternoons I teach English in the first and second grades, 
and our vocabulary includes dog, cow and pig. Until my atten- 
tion was called to it by the children, I had never realized how 
much easier and pleasanter it is to say "pig" than either of the 
other words. 

In the afternoons, too, I take Spanish lessons and a Mexican 
old maid school ma'am teaches me. The epithet refers neither to 
age or married state, but to that complexity of disposition, tem- 
perament and style which one associates with that title. I have 
thus learned some little Spanish grammar and the fact that old 
maid school ma'ams are a type not indigenous in New England 
but found the world over. 

That is practically all my work and it sounds like very little, 
but it keeps me busy most of the hours of the day. I think those 
who arranged it for me have thoughtfully planned to introduce 
me little by little to the work rather than to fling me in beyond 
my depth. I hope later to be at least a subordinate, if not the 

192 1] 

Field Correspondents 


chief, in the primary department of one of the Sunday schools, 
to train more girls to be teachers in the kindergarten and to do 
a lot of other things. 

The school, it seems to me, runs and is run extremely well. 
There are twenty-five more pupils than there were last year, and 
the boarding department grows so fast that the number of girls 
will soon outgrow the number of rooms. School Hfe is very 
much- alive. Last night the girls gave a most entertaining Hal- 
lowe'en party and tonight they are singing at a special service at 
the church. They have learned so many of the songs and games 
and customs and have caught so much of the spirit of Mount 
Holyoke that I sometimes think I'm back there. 

Miss Louise Clark of Aintab writes from Constantinople. 

It was a surprise to receive a letter from our trained nurse, Miss Louise 
Clarke, written at Constantinople, November 11, 1920, but we were glad 
to know that the station had been able to make arrangements for her to 
be spared for a year of language study, which is certainly vital to her future 
work. A new language school has just been opened and both Miss Snell 
and Miss Clarke, who are our newest Turkey missionaries, are in at- 
tendance. Miss Clarke writes : — 

Here I am now in Constantinople to attend the new language 
school. I have run away from the fight in Aintab, leaving there 
on the 16th of last month, and arrived here last Sunday by boat 
from Beirut. It was very hard to leave home, especially when 
the hospital was quite filled up with sick and wounded — mostly 
Frenchmen. Mr. Boyd and I came out with the Aintab Reo truck, 
with two other American young men and their two trucks, with 
which they have been back and forth with the French convoys, 
to bring in food with. Our trip out was very interesting. We 
brought the remainder of our orphanage out with us — about 
seventy orphans — which finishes up all of that work in Aintab. 
The children were packed into about twenty wagons, which lined 
up with the French, six hundred wagons, at daybreak. The 
convoy formed over back of a hill south of the College, so that 
it could go quietly away without having the Turks know too much 
about it. We traveled from 5.30 until about noon, when we 
stopped and camped until early the following morning. 

The French officers, many of whom were friends of ours, were 


Life and Light 


very kind ; one of them let us have his own tent and others invited 
us to a turkey dinner in their tent that evening. So, as the chil- 
dren had behaved themselves, and we had no attacks on the road, 
the whole trip was rather a "lark" than a hardship. At the station 
of Sadjour we found our Aintab Colonel waiting to greet us and 
to take us to the wonderful vmderground camp for lunch that noon 
and dinner in the evening. That camp is most remarkable. It 
is entirely underground — about all that's visible on top of the 
field is a mud tower, barbed wire and trenches. The Turks fired 
over 800 cannon shells onto the camp, succeeding in wounding 
one man slightly! We slept in freight cars that night and took 
the four hour run down to Aleppo the next day, staying in Aleppo 
over that Monday night and came on down to the Lebanon the 
next day. 

After spending a couple of days in the Mountains with Mrs. 
Lorin Shepard and Miss Alice (who's the dearest little baby — or 
big baby rather — that I have ever seen !) I took the boat on which 
Dr. Hamilton had just arrived, and came up here. No one 
knew that I was coming, as I brought my letters of application 
to the school out with me ! but they all seemed to be looking 
for me just the same, and O such a lovely place — such a lovely 
home, school, teachers ; it is going to be one of the very best years 
in my life I am sure. We expect the new people from America 
tomorrow — then school will start in with a full program. 

A letter from Miss Fannie Griswold of Maebashi, Japan, has an 
air of good cheer about it. This is partly due to the fact that her 
financial worries have been relieved by the action of the Board in giving 
an additional salary grant this year to all missionaries in Japan who have 
been so hard hit by high prices that it has been impossible to live on their 
old salaries. Instead of raising their salaries the Board has given an 
additional grant with the hope that another year may see a change in 
living conditions. Another cause for good cheer is the quite steady growth 
which Christianity is making in the community where Miss Griswold 
works and especially among the pupils of the school. She says : — 

Thank you good people for helping us so much financially. It 

makes life a different matter — when you don't need to worry 

about things so much. We enjoyed Miss Calder's visit, but all 

of your visits are too short and we really do worry about what 

192 1] 

Field Correspondents 


impressions you may get about the work. You cannot see us as 
we really are under such circumstances. 

There are a number of girls preparing for baptism the Sunday 
before Christmas, December 19. We try to make this Sunday 
especially one for the girls as Easter is apt to come in vacation. 
Seven in the Senior class are engaged in Sunday school work. 
This is the fourth year I have worked over these girls and they 
are a source of gratification to me. They put themselves into 
this work and I hope will be able to continue something of the 
same kind when they go home. But there is the rub. Environ- 
ment is all against them and they are young and tender. 

The church here has now a young worker who is doing very 
well. There are many problems but we are better o& than last 
year at this time. The best work is done with the rising genera- 
tion. Five boys were baptized last Sunday, November 21, and 
fifteen taken into the church by letter. A pastor from Niigata is 
now holding cottage meetings every day. There is no end of 
openings to those who have ideas and love and patience. Except 
when the newspapers and other periodicals come we forget the 
government of Japan, — the far eastern questions, and the Cali- 
fornia questions. 

Miss Alice Adams of Okayama and her gardener The kitty is a household pet. 



at Noontide 

the Earth 

A Lenten Message from Our President 

I wonder what Christ considered as His most important fruit. 
When we speak of showing forth Christ in our lives we think 
first of the development of our own character. We must be honest, 
gentle, loving, sincere, obedient. And yet I do not beheve Christ 
devoted much of the time after He was thirty to personal develop- 
ment of character. He was obedient as a child and was seeking 
spiritual and intellectual enlightenment at twelve years. His 
character was tested at the beginning of His ministry by such 
deep and terrific temptations as are beyond our understanding. 
And He prayed, hour upon hour, all His life. But the end and aim 
of His life spiritually was no more the growth of His character 
than was the aim of His life physically to save from pain and death 
the human body in which He lived. His character was the natural 
and necessary outgrowth of the utter subservience of His will to 

Christ lived the short span of His manhood for only one thing, 
to save men from sin. The fruit of His life was the souls of men. 
It would be easier for me if I could believe that the fruit God 
asked me to bear was a simple, gentle, loving, sincere womanli- 
ness, rather than fruit of Christ's bearing. But He said, "The 
works that I do shall ye do also, and greater works than these shall 
ye do." He means that we are living our span of life for one thing, 
to save men from sin. And how shall we do it? 

I know a man who never travels on a steamer or on a train over 
night or is thrown with a group of people for any length of time 
without telling some one about the power of God to save men from 
sin. And he can do it naturally and wholesomely. All of us may 
not feel able to do that. Some of us may have to talk through 
others, support those who are telling the story. Yet I have a no- 
tion that we miss a great blessing in not being a first hand messen- 


19 2 1] 

A Lenten Message from Our President 


ger. Why are we so afraid? Why are we so dull at seeing oppor- 
tunities? The eye that is not trained cannot detect the different 
varieties of mosses and grasses. The untrained ear fails to note 
the different bird songs. The person who is not filled with a desire 
to proclaim Christ walks through a throng of possibilities uncon- 
scious of them. 

I would not disparage the influence for God of a life which by 
its acts of charity tells a story of Christ. It is one way, it is a first 
way, but I do believe that as we grow we will find other ways. 
We will not only do good deeds but we will tell of the love that 
has led us to do them. Our charities, our pet philanthropies, are 
the outward symbol of something we have within. We love others 
because God loves us. We give a cup of cold water as unto the 
Lord. And yet we are unable to speak of Him easily by name ! 
We will discuss the best machinery for the great workshop of 
church and charity, the wheels, the boiler tubes, the belts and con- 
nections, but never a word of the flame, the glowing fire which is 
the heart of it all and without which all this elaborate mechanism is 
dead and powerless and cold. 

"I am the Vine. Ye are the branches." We can bear the same 
fruit that the parent stock has borne. I want to make a plea that 
during this Lenten time we may dwell so close to the Vine and be 
so constantly thinking of the source of our spiritual life that we 
will speak of it as naturally and as sweetly as the secret growing 
place of the wild grape will be told us when June comes round 
again. As we drive through the country lanes in early June, there 
comes on a warm sunlit breeze a gentle, pungent, ethereal per- 
fume and we turn to one another and say, "Grapes, the wild grapes 
are in bloom and here, some time, there will be fruit." So let us 
be saying, as sweetly, as tenderly, and as persistently as that odor 
is given forth from the grape, "Love, love, the love of God is here. 
Come taste and see that the- Lord is good." 

Mrs. Franklin Warner. 


Life and Light 

[ February 

Lest We Forget 

By William T. Demarest 

HE whole wide world is troubled. We hear constantly 
1 of contending forces, some of them battling with theo- 
ries ; some of them with deadly weapons. The spirit of 

discontent is rampant. Class strives against class, each confident 
that its ideas and ideals are those from which may emerge a new 
and beneficent order. In almost every country on the globe the 
advocates of that which is not are seeking the overthrow of that 
which is. In some places revolution has been accomplished and 
the people are finding that whereas they sought relief from oppres- 
sion they have but changed masters ; and the new are proving as 
relentless as the old. Truly the times are troubled and to some it 
seems as though there were no escape from a disorder that if not 
now present, is everywhere imminent. 

We are living in a world that is ill. Through causes which need 
not here be recited it became inoculated with the spirit of strife a 
few years ago, and for many months it was in the grip of one of 
the oldest of world diseases. No nation escaped its ravages, no 
individual was immune. A world-wide contagion was in posses- 
sion. Two years ago we thought the disease was conquered, and 
we celebrated Armistice Day with frenzied rejoicings, and some- 
times, alas, with revelries that but showed how far the disease 
had thrust us back toward the darkness of savagery. But our 
rejoicings were premature. The war disease was but temporarily 
subdued, for the germs it engendered are still engaged in their 
deadly work, changed in some of their symptoms, but dependent 
for their existence, as they were six years ago, as they have been 
since the world began, upon selfishness, personal and national. 

And now we are remembering a season that should remind us 
that there is but one sovereign remedy for our sick world ; but one 
serum that may be injected into the social system to kill the pestil- 
ence which has caused so much death and suffering in the past 
six years and which is even now assailing the nations and the 
homes of the whole world. Jesus Christ, whose birthday we 
have lately celebrated, came to redeem mankind ; to save a sin- 

192 1] 

Lest We Forget 


ful world. His teachings, His personality, His supreme sacrifice 
changed the whole social order. The Gospel which He entrusted 
to His disciples is today uplifting the world and saving mankind. 
Some so-called Christian lands have fallen again into the sin of 
selfishness and a disordered world resulted. But that circumstance 
does not change the unalterable fact of the sufficiency of the 
Gospel of Christ to transform a warring world. 

No man may be saved against his will. No nation may have 
righteousness thrust upon it. It is only as individuals accept 
Christ's leadership and impress upon their communities and their 
nations the unselfish principles which He taught, that He shall 
come into the rulership of all men and all nations. 

Here then is a thought for this Lenten season. We who profess 
to follow the leadership of Christ, and who celebrate His coming, 
are responsible to Him and to the world that this unfailing remedy 
for national and social ills may be quickly and efficiently made 
available. Each of us may well ask himself, "What am I doing 
to help proclaim the Gospel in my nation and the world?" Mis- 
sions is something more than an abstraction ; more than an acade- 
mic presentation of theology to unfamiliar ears. It is the sending 
of a vital message of life and hope to the dying. It is the providing 
of a positive and unfailing remedy for a sick world. If it is to be 
effective, however, it must permeate the social structure, individual, 
national and world-wide. We Christians have this remedy in our 
keeping. Shall we continue to withhold it as we have in times 
past? How then may we celebrate the passion of Christ if we are 
unfaithful to His leadership? Each of us has a sphere of influence 
in the world, and this sphere extends over a large part of our own 
nation and reaches across the Pacific Ocean to the teeming lands of 
Asia. Through our gifts to missions, home and foreign, we send 
the Gospel of Christ to the ignorant and the needy of our land and 
the lands across the seas. We are helping to cure the sick world. 
Upon the measure of our co-operation ; upon our personal sacrifice ; 
depends the speediness of the cure. Shall we hasten the coming 
of that day when Christ shall rule the world ? When war and dis- 
content shall have passed away? We are His ministers — His 
physicians. — The Mission Field (adapted). 

Our Book Shelf 

A Moslem Seeker After God: Showing Islam at its Best in 
the Life and Teaching of Al-Ghazali, Mystic and Theologian 
of the Eleventh Century. By Samuel M. Zwemer, Author 
of "The Disintergration of Islam," "Childhood in the Mos- 
lem World," etc. Illustrated. 302 pp., including appendices. 
Fleming H. Rev ell Company, New^ York. 
A popular biography of a mediaeval saint is among publishing 
possibilities, but a popular biography of a mediaeval Moslem 
mystic is quite possibly beyond them. For it requires as a 
stimulus to its perusal a well-developed interest in mysticism, 
Moslems or missions, or in all three. Readers who bring this 
interest to Dr. Zwemer's "A Moslem Seeker after God" will find 
in his portrayal of Al-Ghazali many details of historical, religious 
and missionary interest. 

The book consists in part of lectures delivered at New Bruns- 
wick Theological Seminary and at the College of Missions at 
Indianapolis. Materials have been gathered from the "Confes- 
sions," the "Revival of the Religious Sciences," the "Alchemy of 
Happiness," and other writings of Al-Ghazali, from his Arabic 
biographer, from the history of the East, and from present-day 
fact and custom in the lands where Al-Ghazali lived. 

Apart from the biographical portion of the book, general 
readers will appreciate the introductory chapter, treating of con- 
ditions in the East in the eleventh century, and the closing chapter, 
showing the limited but undoubted acquaintance of Al-Ghazali 
with some of the teachings of Christ. 

What Anselm was to the Christianity of the West, Al-Ghazali 
was to the Mohammedanism of the East. They were contem- 
poraries, the one dying but two years before the other. Both 
were theologians, both were mystics, both were apologists for the 
faith which they believed, both refuted philosophy to establish 
faith, both exerted wide influence by their writings. 

Al-Ghazali was of Persian birth (1058 A.D.) and died 
(1111 A.D.) in the town of his birth and education in Khorasan. 
But he lived his life in the great centers of Islam and was in 
touch with men and thought from Afghanistan to Spain and from 


192 1] 

Our Book Shelf 


Kurdistan to South Arabia. His writings reflect this cosmopoH- 
tan atmosphere. 

Probably he learned to read before he was seven years old. He 
mastered the Persian and Arabic languages thoroughly, and 
studied all the science and philosophy of his day. During his 
student days, he was in search of reputation and wealth through 
his learning, rather than of piety, and his studies led him into 
scepticism. When thirty-four years old, he already had acquired 
fame and was appointed a teacher in the theological school at 
Baghdad, the capital of the whole of Eastern Islam. Crowds 
attended his lectures. After four years, however, he suddenly 
appointed his brother to teach in his place, abandoned all but a 
small portion of his property and retired from active life. 

His "Confessions," which tell us of his spiritual experiences 
from his youth up to his fiftieth year, explain this unexpected 
and widely criticised action. He found himself "morally and 
essentially a thorough-going sceptic." And he realized that his, 
studies were of little value, and profitless as regarded his salvation. 

"I probed," he says, "the motives of my teaching and found 
that, in place of being sincerely consecrated to God, it was actu- 
ated only by a vain desire of honor and reputation. I perceived 
that I was on the edge of an abyss, and that without an imme- 
diate conversion I should be doomed to eternal fire. ... I 
remained torn asunder by the opposite forces of earthly passion 
and religious aspiration for about six months. At the close of 
these my will yielded and I gave myself up to destiny." 

Leaving Baghdad as a pilgrim, Al-Ghazali visited Damascus, 
Jerusalem, Hebron, Mecca, Medina, and then Cairo and Alex- 
andria, returning through Damascus to Baghdad. Ten years 
were spent in these wanderings. During these years he found 
the solution of his scepticism in ethical mysticism, and composed 
a number of his books, including his most important work, the 
"Revival of the Religious Sciences." His writings ^nd influence 
gave to mysticism orthodox standing in Islam. He became "the 
greatest and certainly the most sympathetic figure in Islam." 

When he reappeared at Baghdad, people crowded to hear him. 


Life and Light 


Notes of his sermons were taken as he spoke, one hundred and 
eighty-three being thus reported, and were circulated after having 
been read to him for revision. 

From Baghdad he withdrew to his native town in Khorasan, 
spending there the few remaining years of his life in study and 
contemplation. He died at the age of fifty-four. His younger 
brother, also a religious teacher, gives the following account of 
his death: "One morning at dawn my brother performed the 
ablution and prayed. Then he said, 'Bring me my grave-clothes,' 
and took them and kissed them and laid them on his eyes and 
said, 'I hear and obey to go in to the King.' He stretched out 
his feet toward Mecca, and was taken to the good will of God 
Most High." 

Consideration of the life of such a man, evidently religious, 
unquestionably sincere, possessed of keen insight into certain 
types of religious experience, earnest in admonition of his fellows, 
lofty in many of his teachings, raises inevitably the question 
wherein essentially his life differed from that of a believing Jew 
or Christian. Dr. Zwemer suggests certain answers. For readers 
with missionary interest, this question will demand settlement. 
Its solution is vital to the success of missions to Mohammedans. 

J. E. Merrill. 

The Riddle of Nearer Asia. By Basil Mathews. George H. 
Doran Company, Publishers. Price: $1.25. 

Any book is sure of a reading and a welcome that has an 
appreciative foreword from Viscount Bryce. He speaks of the 
book as opportune on account of the problems raised by the end 
of the war and that Mr. Mathews from his wide travel and 
keen observation is well fitted to discuss these vital issues. 

He emphasizes the fact that the first thing is to get rid of the 
irredeemable Turk who has been a curse everywhere. One sig- 
nificant remark of Mr. Bryce's is that "the young Turks who 
made the massacres were not fanatics, but Prussianized politicians, 
some practically atheists, very few really Moslems." 

In the prologue the author speaks of being in Tarsus in the 

192 1] 

The Cradle Roll and Missions 


early spring of 1914. He saw camels swinging along with their 
burdens just as caravans of camels have come across that plain 
since the dawn of history. And then he says a strange thing 
happened. Across the snow-ridge of the Tarsus mountains ten 
leagues away there came a black spot in the sky. It was the 
first aeroplane that was ever seen in that region and it was a 
military aeroplane. It was the dawn of a new day for countries 
so long sunk in apathy. 

Mr. Mathews has a dramatic way of putting his subject matter 
and the titles of some of his chapters indicate this. "The Clash 
of Empires," "The Dawn of a New Humanity," "The People of 
the Camel," "The Discipline of Israel," suggest very interesting 
and remunerative reading. The book is enriched by an index 
and a map of southwestern Asia. G. h. c. 

Junior Department 

The Cradle Roll and Missions 

In the past year there have been so much discussion and so 
many requests for information regarding the present status of 
the Cradle Roll in its relation to missions, that the Junior Depart- 
ment is glad to take this opportunity for a frank discussion of the 
matter, believing that this article may be of help to leaders of 
Cradle Rolls as well as to missionary Lookouts in our churches. 

According to the plan of the past, current and in general use 
up to within the past two years, the Missionary Cradle Roll has 
been a separate organization from the Sunday School Cradle 
Roll and quite closely afifiliated with the Women's Missionary 
Societies and Boards. Much credit for the development of the 
Cradle Roll Department of the church should be given to the 
devoted women, through whose efforts the attention of the whole 
church was called to the necessity for doing something for even 
the littlest ones, and the necessity for beginning religious educa- 
tion in all its departments at the earliest possible stage in the 


Life and Light 


child's development. Due to their efforts in large measure have 
been the popularity and great development of the Cradle Roll 
movement, for, if they did not themselves originate the plan, at 
least they pushed it to the greatest extent of their ability. Accord- 
ing to that old plan, children were enrolled from birth as mem- 
bers of the Missionary Cradle Roll and continued to belong to it 
until they entered the Mission Band at seven or eight, graduating 
from the Cradle Roll into the Mission Band. Two things were 
required of a Missionary Cradle Roll — the sending of a gift to 
the Woman's Board each year and the holding of an annual party, 
at which time stories were told of children in other lands or 
simple programs to the same purport were presented. 

With the past few years, however, the Sunday School Cradle 
Roll has grown and multiplied. It has met in many instances the 
needs which the Missionary Cradle Roll met before, and it has 
gradually extended its age limit to cover the same range of ages, 
where in its earlier days it was intended for the tiniest babies 
only. Many church workers report that, whereas they feel the 
need still of interesting the mothers in babies around the world 
as they were able to do through the Missionary Cradle Roll, they 
are finding it increasingly difficult to reconcile the two depart- 
ments. We need give no argument here for the Sunday School 
Cradle Roll. It is a necessary part of every School's develop- 
ment, an essential part and one which has justified itself in many 
ways in its years of growth. That it is perfectly possible, how- 
ever, to maintain that department at its greatest height and intro- 
duce into it a valuable and important feature, namely, the Mis- 
sionary Department of the Cradle Roll, we are fully convinced. 
It has been done and done successfully. 


At this point we should, of course, present some of the argu- 
ments given to us, by those who have tried it, as to why we should 
maintain this connection when the need of organizing Missionary 
Cradle Rolls only seems to have passed. The reasons underlying 
this connection we believe to be two-fold. First : — That mothers 

192 1] 

The Cradle Roll and Missions 


need it. "I never in my life so appreciated the blessedness of 
my own life as a mother in America or was so fully conscious of 
my own blessings as a Christian mother, as I have been since my 
little daughter became a member of a Cradle Roll that had a 
missionary department," said one mother recently. Few are 
they among the mothers of this country today who understand 
with any sympathetic, real understanding the problems of mother- 
hood in other lands, and the overwhelming sorrows and sufferings 
which form the daily life of mothers in India and Africa and 
China and the uttermost parts of the earth. Fewer still are 
those who realize that they have a real service to render for those 
other mothers afar and that in the name of their own little ones, 
healthy and safe in Christian America, they may make life bigger 
and brighter and safer for little ones in another land. All this they 
may do, if in the Sunday School Cradle Roll there is, however 
simply arranged, a missionary department or a missionary 
feature, call it by whatever name may seem most helpful. 

Second : — The children need it. Many have argued that our 
littlest people have no point of contact and no means of compre- 
hending the life of a child in any other land whose experiences are 
so far different from their own. Up to a certain point this is true, 
but it has become an established fact that from four or five to 
seven years of age the child is acquiring a new world which may 
well include, even without any geographical locations, the life of a 
little person, under very different conditions, but very interesting 
conditions, in whose home and friends the American child may 
become truly interested. Not many months ago a mother was 
heard to say emphatically, "I do not believe that my child could 
l)ossibly understand the life of a Chinese boy or girl, that it would 
mean anything at all to him ." And within half an hour this same 
mother was telling enthusiastically of the great enjoyment of 
her little boy in the story of the "Dutch Twins." If Holland, 
why not China or India or the Philippines ? The Junior Secretary 
has a keen and distinct memory of a little boy who listened with 
great excitement and thrill to the story of a little friend of his 
own, as he came to think of him, who "lived a long way over the 


Life and Light 


water many miles from here in a country we call China," and she 
believes firmly that that same little boy could never have quite 
the attitude of some of our own church people who do not believe 
in foreign missions because they do not understand and, in their 
own words, "don't really know much about them." Instead of 
being now and then mildly aroused for the queer, outlandirh 
heathen of other lands, he will be actively interested in his 
"friends overseas." In other words, from him and others like 
him, we shall have the missionary church of tomorrow. 

Note : A continuation of this article will appear in the next 
number of Life and Light, in which we shall discuss methods 
and materials for the Missionary Department of the Cradle Roll. 

Summary of Receipts, December 1-31, 1920 

Mrs. Frank Gaymrd Cook, Treasurer. 

Cong'l World Movement 
Gifts not credited to Branches 
Eastern Maine Branch 
Western Maine Branch 
New Hampshire Branch 
Vermont Branch 
Andover and Wobum Branch 
Barnstable Association 
Berkshire Branch 
Essex North Branch 
Essex South Branch 
Franklin County Branch 
Hampshire County Branch 
Middlesex Branch 
Norfolk and Pilgrim Branch 
North Middlesex Branch 
Old Colony Branch 
Springfi'ld Branch 
Suffolk Branch 
Worcester County Branch 
Rhode Island Branch 
Eastern Connecticut Branch 
Hartford Branch 


New Haven Branch 
New York State Branch 


New Jersey Branch 
Pennsylvania Branch 
Southeast Branch 

Total for December 




Cong'l World Movement 






Total from October 18 to December 31, 




Donations $29,419.03 

Cong'l World Movement 8,723.20 

Buildings 5,400.09 

Specials 874.49 

Legacies 1,000.00 


Total $45,416.81 

Loan Ubrary 


The Near East: Crossroads of the World. 

The Riddle of Nearer Asia Mathews 

The Lure of Africa Patton 

Islam: A Challenge to Faith Zwemer 

The Nearer and Farther East Zwemer and Brown 

Crescent and Iron Cross Benson 

Reconstruction in Turkey Hall 

Ambassador Morgenthau's Story Morgenthau 

The Tragedy of Armenia Papazian 

Constantinople: Old and New Dwight 

In the Valley of the Nile Watson 

Christian Approach to Islam Barton 

In the Land of Ararat Barrows 

Daybreak in Turkey Barton 

Leavening the Levant Greene 

An American Physician in Turkey Ussher and Knapp 

Arabia : The Cradle of Islam Zwemer 

Masoud the Bedouin Carhart 

A Muslim Sir Galahad Dwight 

Who Follows In Their Train? Holmes 

The Knock on the Door Holmes 

The Dawn of a New Era in Syria McGilvary 

Reminiscences of Daniel Bliss Bliss 

Shepard of Aintab Riggs 

A Moslem Seeker After God Zwemer 

The Influence of Animism on Islam Zwemer 

These or others on our list will be sent by mail or express, as desired, 
though we are sorry to have to limit the distance to points east of Ohio. 
Terms : Books loaned free for two weeks. Postage charged to and from 
Boston. A fine of two cents a day on books kept over two weeks. For 
catalogue or for books apply to 


503 Congregational House, Boston, Mass. 

Jform of pcquEfit 

In making devises and legacies the entire corporate name of the Board should 
be used as follows : — 

I give and bequeath to the Woman's Board of Missions, incorporated under the 
laws of Massachjisetts in the year 1869, the sum of _ 

Please make all checks payable to the Woman's Board of Missions. 

Life and Light for Women 


TERMS: Seventy-Five Cents a Year in Advance 
Send renmvaU tmd new aabtcriptions to 

Year Book of Missions for 1921 

Have you ordered the Annual handbook, with its usual features of 
prayer calendar, missionary directory, tables of statistics and up-to-date 
summaries of present-day conditions in all the mission fields ? Attract- 
ive in color and useful in contents. 

Cost — fifteen cents — with a two cent stamp for postage. 

Send orders to 

Woman's Board of Missions, 

503 Congregrational House, Boston 

New Graded Material for Church Schools 

"Congregational Pilgrims on the Far Frontier," the last in the 
" Congregrational Pilgrims " series planned for the Tercentenary years, 
1917-1920, issued by the American Board and the Woman's Board. 
Price of set, $.50 ; pamphlets sold separately. 

For the Primary Department, Picture Stories on the Near East. 

For Juniors, eight " Hero Tales " — a picture sheet — suggestions 
for posters and other hand- work. 

For Intermediates and Seniors, six Ten-Minute Programs — a 
picture sheet — Poster Suggestions. 

Attractive Investments in China for all grades of the School.